It happens. We all have times when we need extra help to pay for things.
Check your mailbox, and chances are you’ll find at least one credit card offer tempting you with limited-time low or 0% interest and glamorous bonus point rewards.
Then again, you could also take advantage of a personal loan to give you a quick lump sum payment to help you out of a jam, purchase something you need, or take a vacation.
Loans and credit cards are both solutions to temporary money needs, but when you look closer, you’ll find they are very different in terms of how you pay them off and how they can affect your credit score.
When you apply and are approved for a personal loan, you will be given a lump sum payment, generally anywhere from $600 to $10,000, to be used any way you like. When you sign your loan agreement, you will agree to a fixed payment and payment schedule that you will pay each month until the total loan and interest amount are completely paid.
A personal loan is particularly good for big-ticket items such as furniture, appliances, car repairs, vacations, weddings, or funerals. One benefit to a personal loan is having the full amount of your loan upfront. This allows you to control how and when it is spent. You can also see clearly how much has been spent and how much is left.
There’s no credit limit that can be automatically increased, so you aren’t likely to let your spending get out of control. Once your personal loan is paid off on time, your good credit makes it easy to arrange a new loan if needed.
As with many things in life, the benefits of personal loans can also have drawbacks depending on your situation.
A credit card is a revolving form of credit. Rather than receiving a lump sum payment upfront, you are allowed to charge up to a certain limit on the credit card based on your credit history. You must make a minimum monthly payment that is usually about 2% of your balance.
A general rule of thumb is that credit cards are great for short-term financing, as long as you pay the full amount off each month. It can be looked upon as a good way to acquire points to enjoy for extra offers, and it can also be a way to keep track of your expenses each month.
However, if you aren’t keeping track of your card use, you could be in for a big surprise when your bill shows up. Even if you are tracking charges online, some charges don’t show up for a few days.
If you don’t pay off your credit card balance in full, things start to add up. Interest rates kick in. If minimum payments are missed, late fees can be added on with interest.
In short, credit cards are a very expensive form of financing if you don’t pay off the balance each month. They usually carry double-digit interest rates, and if your balance gets too high, it may get reported to credit bureaus.
With higher rates and the risks of carrying a high balance, credit cards are best reserved for short-term financing and purchases you can pay off in full, like daily expenses and monthly bills.
Those bright and shiny new credit cards can seem like a quick and easy solution for payment needs, but it’s important to consider how their use can lead to unexpected costs.
Most people who secure a loan have every intention of making the payments on time and paying off the full amount on schedule. However, personal situations and emergencies can arise, such as the loss of a job or medical expenses that make timely payments difficult or impossible.
If you fall into trouble, the first step to take is to call your loan company and let them know your situation. Don’t let the payment due date pass by or ignore the payment. Most lending companies are willing to work with you to find a solution as long as they are aware of your situation.
Miss a payment by 30 days, and you may receive a late fee, although some lenders will give you a grace period. Longer than 30 days can affect your credit score. Longer than 90 days could lead to the company suing for your payment.
Bottom line? Keep the lines of communication open, and always prepare for your payments in advance.
Once again, if you miss a due date, don’t run away from or ignore the problem. Raise your hand with the credit card company. It’s best to do this with a voice-to-voice phone call. If it’s your first missed payment, they may forgive the late fee as long as you pay the minimum amount immediately.
Late payment fees can be as high as $40. Add to this the fact that a late payment can lead to an increase in your annual percentage rate or APR. Also, if the credit card you are using is offering you an introductory rate of 0% interest, you may lose that benefit once you miss a payment.
Should you find yourself with multiple credit card debts, and the balances are becoming difficult to pay off due to rising interest, you may consider consolidating these balances into one 0% interest account if you think you can pay them off. It may be better, however, to get a personal loan for debt consolidation that offers the stability of consistent payments and lower interest rates.
Personal loans have less of an effect on your credit than credit card accounts. Personal loans have fixed monthly payments that you agree to when you take the loan. Under normal conditions, you don’t have the option to pay a lesser amount, so you may not run into credit score problems.
With a credit card, you can choose whether or not to pay the balance in full each month. If you do, it can be a good indicator of creditworthiness and may have a positive impact on your score. However, if you choose to not pay off in full each month and allow your balance to rise, it could have a negative effect on your credit score.
Build an emergency fund – Set aside a certain amount each paycheck to put into an emergency savings account that you can draw on when you have unforeseen expenses.
Know your spending needs and habits – Take an entire month, maybe two, to track every penny you are spending. It’s easy to let small amounts slip by. But those small amounts really add up. When you see exactly what you’re spending, it’s easier to pull in the reins and get control.
Your friends at Regional Finance are here to help you meet your personal finance needs and goals and are happy to discuss the differences between personal loans and credit card debt. We can help you with a fast, fixed-rate personal loan to help consolidate your debt or provide information about how to keep your budget on track. You can start your loan process here by prequalifying now online or calling your local branch.
References accessed on February 23, 2021:
You can prequalify for your loan online in just minutes. Or, if you prefer, call or stop by your local branch. Our loan specialists can answer any questions and help you fill out an application for the personal loan that fits your needs.